Uppsala University is a comprehensive research-intensive university with a strong international standing. Our ultimate goal is to conduct education and research of the highest quality and relevance to make a long-term difference in society. Our most important assets are all the individuals whose curiosity and dedication make Uppsala University one of Sweden’s most exciting workplaces. Uppsala University has over 54,000 students, more than 7,500 employees and a turnover of around SEK 8 billion.

PhD student in astronomy, object classification via machine learning with 4MOST

The Department of Physics and Astronomy is one of the largest departments at Uppsala University. It comprises close to 400 employees, including around 125 PhD students. The department conducts world class research and education within both theoretical and experimental physics and is engaged in extensive co-operation with external partners. The research is performed at 10 research divisions, and touches upon everything from the incomprehensibly small to the large within e.g. energy supply, climate development, new materials, and the Universe. This whole spectrum of research is also mirrored in the courses and educational programmes offered by the department. Around 2500 students take the department’s courses at basic and advanced level each year. Read more at www.physics.uu.se

The Division for Astronomy and Space Physics conducts research on galaxies and cosmology, stellar physics, planetary systems, atomic astrophysics and instrumentation. The Division is participating in a range of international scientific collaborations around telescopes and satellites. We are now hiring a PhD student in astronomy, focused on astronomical classification with the telescope 4MOST (4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope).

This PhD position is part of the eSSENCE – SciLifeLab graduate school in data-intensive science. The school addresses the challenge of data-intensive science both from the foundational methodological perspective and from the perspective of data-driven science applications. It is an arena where experts in computational science, data science and data engineering (systems and methodology) work closely together with researchers in (data-driven) sciences, industry and society to accelerate data-intensive scientific discovery.

eSSENCE is a strategic collaborative research programme in e-science between three Swedish universities with a strong tradition of excellent e-science research: Uppsala University, Lund University and Umeå University.

SciLifeLab is a leading institution and national research infrastructure with a mandate to enable cutting-edge life sciences research in Sweden, foster international collaborations, and attract and retain knowledge and talent.

Read more about our benefits and what it is like to work at Uppsala University

The PhD student is expected to work on the development and implementation of astrostatistical machine learning methods for automatic classification and anomaly detection in analyses of complex and large astronomical data sets. The work will be performed in the context of the scientific collaboration around the telescope 4MOST (4-metre Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope, http://www.4most.eu).

4MOST will be Europe’s new workhorse for astronomical spectroscopy. Starting in 2024, 4MOST will collect optical spectra of 40 million objects, both Galactic and extra-galactic ones. Uppsala University has been a science partner in the project from the start. To maximize the science output and the potential for discovery, we require novel and efficient methods for object classification and anomaly detection, that do not rely on pre-existing theoretical or empirical models. The full 4MOST data set will contain around three trillion data points. This necessitates a probabilistic classification method which can be repeatedly and efficiently re-trained.

The goal of the PhD project is to develop an efficient automatic and dynamically trainable classification and anomaly detection pipeline for spectroscopic + photometric astronomical surveys, which can compute probabilities for each object (astronomical source) in very large data sets to belong to different categories of objects (e.g. stars, galaxies, active galactic nuclei). To achieve this, supervised and unsupervised Bayesian machine learning methods will be adapted and employed, as well as methods for handling vast and high-velocity data sets. Initially, the work will be performed using data from earlier astronomical surveys and simulations, and is expected to transition to using observational data from 4MOST in 2024/25. The PhD project will primarily focus on the technical application of data-intensive methods and machine learning, rather than physical analysis and modelling of astronomical objects.

The PhD student will belong to the eSSENCE – SciLifeLab graduate school in data-intensive science, and is expected to participate and collaborate within the graduate school.

The candidate must have a Master’s degree in astronomy, physics, engineering physics, computer science or a related discipline. The candidate should have good experience from computer program development in some modern programming language, and good communication skills as well as good oral and written proficiency in English. The appointed person must also be able to both work independently and collaborate in an international team with partners in other countries.

Additional qualifications
Experience in astronomy / astrophysics, spectroscopy and applications of machine learning methods (especially Bayesian methods) as well as study results will be considered very important merits. An understanding of the development and maintenance of complex work flows and pipelines for data processing will be considered an important merit. Experience of analysis of large or high-velocity data sets will also be considered merits. Interviews and aptitude tests may be conducted as part of the selection procedure.

Rules governing PhD students are set out in the Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5, §§ 1-7 and in Uppsala University’s rules and guidelines.

About the employment
The employment is a temporary position according to the Higher Education Ordinance chapter 5 § 7. Scope of employment 100 %. Starting date 2023-01-09 or as agreed. Placement: Uppsala

About the application
The application should include a curriculum vitae (CV), a short description of research interest, qualification and earlier research experience, copies of relevant grade certificates, master thesis, any scientific publications, and a cover letter. Contact information for two independent referees (e-mail and phone number) as well as personal circumstances that may be relevant for the assessment (e.g. parental leave) should be included in the applicant’s CV. The application should be written in English.

For further information about the position, please contact: Martin Sahlén, +46-18-471 59 70, martin.sahlen@physics.uu.se; Andreas Korn, andreas.korn@physics.uu.se

Please submit your application by 31 October 2022, UFV-PA 2022/3553.

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Submit your application through Uppsala University’s recruitment system.

Placement: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Type of employment: Full time , Temporary position longer than 6 months

Pay: Fixed salary

Number of positions: 1

Working hours: 100 %

Town: Uppsala

County: Uppsala län

Country: Sweden

Union representative: ST/TCO tco@fackorg.uu.se
Seko Universitetsklubben seko@uadm.uu.se
Saco-rådet saco@uadm.uu.se

Number of reference: UFV-PA 2022/3553

Last application date: 2022-10-31

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